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Bi-Polar Model

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The Bi-Polar Model is a model of the earth which was devised by the Universal Zetetic Society, the precursor to the Flat Earth Society, in the early 1900's following claims of further exploration of Antarctica and direct discovery of the South Pole. This model features two poles and an Antarctic continent which exists in standard contexts. An 'Ice Wall' still exists in this model, but it is not Antarctica. It is assumed that beyond the rays of the sun the waters will naturally freeze.

The existence of a South Pole has been long theorized. Prior to Earth Not a Globe, the Flat Earth model had multiple poles (See: The Anti-Newtonian). It is thought that Rowbotham simplified the matter to one pole in his work due to the lack of direct evidence at the time for additional poles. The Bi-Polar model reverts to the original concepts of multiple poles.

Explanatory Video

Flat Earth Crush has produced content on the Bi-Polar model which showcases some of its benefits. It should be noted that the author has mentioned in other videos on the topic that he using the selected map as a placeholder only for his purposes. Runtime: 15m

A mention of the Southern Celestial Rotation in the Monopole model is made. The Southern Celestial Rotation under the Monopole model is discussed here.

Related videos by Flat Earth Crush:


There are a wide variety of continental layout possibilities for a Bi-Polar map. The continental layout is unknown and has yet to be fully researched due to ambiguities of jet streams, flight routing, and non-direct flights. The Bi-Polar model is sometimes illustrated with vertical ovals, vertical circles, or with a placeholder map.

BiPolar-Shafto.jpg Bi-Polar-Sea-Earth.png Altmap.png Sandokhan map.png

1. From Bobby Shafto
2. From The Sea-Earth Globe and and its Monstrous Hypothetical Motions (1918) by Zetetes (p.30)
3. Origin Unknown - centered on Prime Meridian
4. Sandokan's map


The needle on a compass aligns with the magnetic field lines. Circumnavigation involves traveling Eastwards or Westwards in relation to those field lines, taking you around the nearest pole. On a Bi-Polar model the magnetic field lines would spread out from the North and South poles like the magnetic field lines on a bar magnet.


The needle of a compass would align with those magnetic field lines in the navigator's local area. Since East and West are at right angles to the field lines, moving East or West in relation to those field lines would take one in a circle around the North or South poles. This also implies that if one were to follow the magnetic field lines North or South that they would eventually get to the Northern or Southern poles.

It should be noted that the magnetic field lines which are produced by a magnet always wrap around and connect to the opposite pole, and that none travel forever into space.

Eastward Sunrise

Q. How the Sun can rise from near the east under this configuration?
A. An answer to this query may be that it is similar to its operation in the standard Monopole model. When we observe the Sun, we are observing its projection upon the atmolayer. The Sun which is seen is local and to the observer. Accordingly, the easterly Sunrise is a consequence of the following:

  • The points along the edges of the Sun's circular area of light are Sunrise (or Sunset).
  • Our vision is very limited. One cannot see infinitely into the distance.
  • The edge of the Sun's circular area of light is approaching the observer from the East as it intersects the observer's location.

Sunrise will occur from an Eastward direction as a natural consequence of the observer's limited range of vision. The Sun's circular area of light generally intersects the observer's area of vision from an Eastward direction. During Equinox the Sun's circular area of light is pivoting around either the Northern or Southern poles. The points along the edge of the Sun's area of light are close to traveling along the observer's East-West latitude line as it intersects the observer's viewing area, even if the Sun is not, and will intersect and appear from near the East in initial bearing.

In the Bi-Polar Model imagine that there are 'solar' latitude lines radiating outwards from the North to the South Pole during Equinox. Like the explanation of Equinox in the Monopole model, we see when the light of the Sun pivots around itself, that the edge of Sunlight is intersecting observers at right angles upon contact, regardless of whether it is coming from the North or South.

Bi-Polar Equinox 1.png Bi-Polar Equinox 2.png
Figs 1 & 2: Edges of sunlight area tracing along concentric 'solar' latitude lines, intersecting observers at close to a right angle on contact

As an analogy, consider the following:

If a earth were a plane with very large circular latitude lines (Monopole), and a cloud were traveling along the circle of your latitude line, and you only see it when it is close to you, would you see it appear from the east or near the east?

The same explanation for this occurrence is given for the local Sun and the manifestation of its initial Eastward bearing. The points along the edge of Sun's area of light are projections of the Sun upon the atmolayer, which will appear to the observer once in his or her viewing range.

For additional details see: Equinox and Magnification of the Sun at Sunset

Sunlight Area

Q. Take a look at this analysis I performed from online Round Earth models of sunlight area showing perpetual light or darkness around the edges for a Bi-Polar model.
A. We recommend that the data in any such analysis comes from real world observations, rather than from a model. Much of the area which is getting stretched out on the globe model is ocean. Does the data come from people in the middle of the ocean reporting observations? If not, and if the source of this data cannot be determined, then such an analysis showing perpetual light or darkness around the edges is likely of little value in these discussions.

Q. But most people accept these models...
A. This assertion is countered by the fact that most people did not verify that those sunlight patterns are correct for every point on the Earth at all times of the year, especially in the oceans. We can only encourage the use of real data-points from real observations for any assessments of the subject-matter.